Document Detail


Quantitative methods for environmental justice assessment of transportation
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10949416     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Application of Executive Order 12898 to risk assessment of highway or rail transport of hazardous materials has proven difficult; in general, the location and conditions affecting the propagation of a plume of hazardous material released in a potential accident are unknown. Therefore, analyses have only been possible in a geographically broad or approximate manner. The advent of geographic information systems and development of software enhancements at Sandia National Laboratories have made kilometer-by-kilometer analysis of populations tallied by U.S. Census blocks along entire routes practicable. Tabulations of total or racially/ethnically distinct populations close to a route, its alternatives, or the broader surrounding area, can then be compared and differences evaluated statistically. This article presents methods of comparing populations and their racial/ethnic compositions using simple tabulations, histograms, and chi-square tests for statistical significance of differences found. Two examples of these methods are presented: comparison of two routes and comparison of a route with its surroundings.
Authors:
Mills; Neuhauser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1539-6924     ISO Abbreviation:  Risk Anal.     Publication Date:  2000 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-08-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8109978     Medline TA:  Risk Anal     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  Eng     Pagination:  377-84     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185, USA. gsmills@sandia.gov
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