Document Detail

Quantitative cranial ultrasound prediction of severity of disability in premature infants with post-haemorrhagic ventricular dilatation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22941857     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Infants with post-haemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) have a high risk of severe disability and parenchymal infarction increases this risk. Existing cranial ultrasound (CUS) markers of neurodevelopmental outcome are based on categorical features. OBJECTIVE: To investigate to what extent quantitative CUS measurements correlated with severity of developmental outcome and the need for ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt at 2 years of age. DESIGN: 69 premature infants with PHVD had lateral ventricle area, intraventricular echodensity and parenchymal lesion dimensions measured at the start of treatment for PHVD. Outcome measures were the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II and functional ability at 2 years of age. Bayley developmental quotients (DQ) were used in preference to index scores to enable inclusion of severely disabled children. RESULTS: Quantitative CUS measurements of parenchymal lesion area correlated significantly with later mental and motor DQ. Intraventricular echodensity area correlated with motor DQ in infants with grade 4 intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH). Neither ventricular area nor ventricular width correlated with DQ in grade 3 IVH. Infants who ultimately required a VP shunt had a significantly larger intraventricular echodensity area. CONCLUSIONS: CUS measurement of parenchymal lesions in infants with PHVD can increase the precision of predicting severe mental and motor disability, but ventricular size at the start of treatment is not predictive of outcome in infants with PHVD following grade 3 IVH.
Sally Jary; Grazyna Kmita; Jolanta Wroblewska; Andrew Whitelaw
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of disease in childhood     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-2044     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Dis. Child.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372434     Medline TA:  Arch Dis Child     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.
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