Document Detail

Quantitative assessment of the effects of 'inodilators' on the myocardium in patients without primary cardiac insufficiency after coronary surgery: Part I--Amrinone.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1882375     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The positive inotropic and peripheral vasodilating effect of amrinone has been measured in 20 patients without manifest cardiac insufficiency during the early (8-18 h postoperative) and late (18-48 h postoperative) recovery phase after coronary surgery. On conclusion of the surgical intervention first the aortocoronary bypass flow was compared during dobutamine and amrinone administration. It increased by 88% with amrinone and by 19% with dobutamine. Then a needle force probe was implanted in the myocardium. Directly measured local myocardial force increased not significantly by 3.5% after the first and by 5.1% after the second bolus injection of 2 mg/kg amrinone. The rate of myocardial contraction increased by 18.7% and 12%. The rate of relaxation decreased by 5.3% after the first and increased by 15% after the second injection. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure fell from 18.5 to 15.5 mmHg and from 19.7 to 17 mmHg. Cardiac output increased by 23% after the first and by 20% after the second injection. Heart rate rose from 88 to 99 bpm and from 86 to 94 bpm. Total peripheral resistance fell from 1,035 to 706 dyn*s*cm-5 and from 1,036 to 819 dyn*s*cm-5. The systolic arterial pressure fell from 132 to 116 mmHg after the first injection and did not change after the second injection. Amrinone was found to be a powerful peripheral vasodilator with a mild positive inotropic action. The variations in the effects between the early and late recovery phases mainly reflect a progressive haemodynamic stabilization with a decreasing tendency toward hypotensive disregulation. Careful consideration has to be paid to a properly balanced filling of the vascular system before administering amrinone.
K Redmann; P P Lunkenheimer; H Isringhaus; G Rettig; C Engel; W Flameng; A Geiger; O Peterschmidt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0171-6425     ISO Abbreviation:  Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Publication Date:  1991 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-10-02     Completed Date:  1991-10-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7903387     Medline TA:  Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  123-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Experimental Thoracic- and Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital, Münster, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Amrinone / pharmacology*
Cardiac Output, Low
Coronary Artery Bypass*
Hemodynamics / drug effects
Middle Aged
Myocardial Contraction / drug effects*
Postoperative Period
Stimulation, Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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