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Quantitative analysis of left ventricular dyssynchrony using cardiac computed tomography versus three-dimensional echocardiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22270144     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether cardiac computed tomography (CCT) can determine intraventricular dyssynchrony in comparison to real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) in patients who are considered for cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT). METHODS: 35 patients considered for CRT were examined. Left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony was quantified by calculating the standard deviation index (SDI) of 17 myocardial LV segments by RT3DE and ECG-gated contrast-enhanced 64-slice dual-source CCT. For both analyses the same software algorithm (4D LV-Analysis) was used. RESULTS: Close correlations were observed for end-systolic volume, end-diastolic volume and LV ejection fraction between the two techniques (r = 0.94, r = 0.92 and r = 0.95, respectively, P < 0.001 for all). For the global dyssynchrony index SDI, a high correlation was found between RT3DE and CCT (r = 0.84, P < 0.001), which further increased after exclusion of segments with poor image quality by echocardiography (r = 0.90, P < 0.001). The required time for quantitative analysis was significantly shorter (162 ± 22 s vs. 608 ± 112 s per patient, P < 0.001) and reproducibility was significantly higher for CCT compared with RT3DE (interobserver variability of 4.5 ± 3.1% vs. 7.9 ± 6.1%, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Quantitative assessment of LV dyssynchrony is feasible by CCT. Owing to its higher reproducibility and faster analysis time compared with RT3DE, this technique may represent a valuable alternative for dyssynchrony assessment. KEY POINTS : • Quantitative assessment of left ventricular dyssynchrony is feasible by cardiac computed tomography (CCT). • This technique has been compared with real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE). • Reproducibility is significantly higher for CCT compared with RT3DE. • Time spent for analysis is significantly shorter for CCT. • Computed tomography may represent a valuable alternative to ultrasound for dyssynchrony assessment.
Sebastian J Buss; Felix Schulz; David Wolf; Waldemar Hosch; Christian Galuschky; Georg Schummers; Evangelos Giannitsis; Hans-Ulrich Kauczor; Christian Zugck; Ruediger Becker; Stefan E Hardt; Hugo A Katus; Grigorios Korosoglou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  European radiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1084     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9114774     Medline TA:  Eur Radiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Cardiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 410, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.
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