Document Detail

Quantitative relationship between axonal injury and mechanical response in a rodent head impact acceleration model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21895482     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A modified Marmarou impact acceleration model was developed to study the mechanical responses induced by this model and their correlation to traumatic axonal injury (TAI). Traumatic brain injury (TBI) was induced in 31 anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats (392±13 g) by a custom-made 450-g impactor from heights of 1.25 m or 2.25 m. An accelerometer and angular rate sensor measured the linear and angular responses of the head, while the impact event was captured by a high-speed video camera. TAI distribution along the rostro-caudal direction, as well as across the left and right hemispheres, was determined using β-amyloid precursor protein (β-APP) immunocytochemistry, and detailed TAI injury maps were constructed for the entire corpus callosum. Peak linear acceleration 1.25 m and 2.25 m impacts were 666±165 g and 907±501 g, respectively. Peak angular velocities were 95±24 rad/sec and 124±48 rad/sec, respectively. Compared to the 2.25-m group, the observed TAI counts in the 1.25-m impact group were significantly lower. Average linear acceleration, peak angular velocity, average angular acceleration, and surface righting time were also significantly different between the two groups. A positive correlation was observed between normalized total TAI counts and average linear acceleration (R(2)=0.612, p<0.05), and time to surface right (R(2)=0.545, p<0.05). Our study suggested that a 2.25-m drop in the Marmarou model may not always result in a severe injury, and TAI level is related to the linear and angular acceleration response of the rat head during impact, not necessarily the drop height.
Yan Li; Liying Zhang; Srinivasu Kallakuri; Runzhou Zhou; John M Cavanaugh
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2011-09-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurotrauma     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1557-9042     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurotrauma     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-16     Completed Date:  2012-01-16     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8811626     Medline TA:  J Neurotrauma     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1767-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Axons / metabolism,  pathology*
Brain / metabolism,  pathology*
Diffuse Axonal Injury / metabolism,  pathology*
Models, Animal
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Grant Support

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