Document Detail


Quantitative Analysis of Quantity and Distribution of Epicardial Adipose Tissue Surrounding the Left Atrium in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Effect of Recurrence After Ablation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21414593     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) contains ganglionated plexuses and adipocytes that can affect the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to quantify the EAT surrounding the left atrium (LA) and correlate it with occurrence of AF and outcome after catheter ablation. EAT was evaluated using 64-slice multidetector computed tomography in 68 patients with AF and 34 controls. EAT volume was acquired by semiautomatically tracing axial images from the pulmonary artery to the coronary sinus. Topographic distribution of EAT was assessed by dividing the periatrial space into 8 equal regions. EAT volume significantly increased in patients with AF than in controls (29.9 ± 12.1 vs 20.2 ± 6.5 cm(3), p <0.001). Most EAT was located in regions (1) within the superior vena cava, right pulmonary artery, and right-sided roof of the LA (29.8%), (2) within the aortic root, pulmonary trunk, and left atrial appendage (26.5%), and (3) between the left inferior pulmonary vein and left atrioventricular groove (18.1%). Baseline variables were analyzed in patients with (n = 24) and without (n = 44) AF recurrence after ablation. The recurrent group showed significantly increased EAT (35.2 ± 12.5 vs 26.8 ± 11.1 cm(3), p = 0.007). Multivariate analysis revealed that EAT was an independent predictor of AF recurrence after ablation (p = 0.038). In conclusion, EAT of LA was increased in patients with AF. Large clusters of EAT were observed adjacent to the anterior roof, left atrial appendage, and lateral mitral isthmus. Abundance of EAT was independently related to AF recurrence after ablation.
Authors:
Hsuan-Ming Tsao; Wei-Chih Hu; Mei-Han Wu; Ching- Tai Tai; Yenn-Jiang Lin; Shih-Lin Chang; Li-Wei Lo; Yu-Feng Hu; Ta-Chuan Tuan; Tsu-Juey Wu; Ming-Huei Sheu; Cheng-Yen Chang; Shih-Ann Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, National Yang Ming University Hospital and National Yang Ming University, Yi-Lan, Taiwan.
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