Document Detail

Quantitative 3-dimensional corneal imaging in vivo using a modified HRT-RCM confocal microscope.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23051907     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test hardware and software modifications to allow quantitative full-thickness corneal imaging using the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT) Rostock Corneal Module.
METHODS: A personal computer-controlled motor drive with positional feedback was integrated into the system to allow automated focusing through the entire cornea. The left eyes of 10 New Zealand white rabbits were scanned from endothelium to epithelium. Image sequences were read into a custom-developed program for depth calculation and measurement of sublayer thicknesses. Three-dimensional visualizations were also generated using Imaris. In 6 rabbits, stack images were registered, and depth-dependent counts of keratocyte nuclei were made using Metamorph.
RESULTS: The mean epithelial and corneal thickness measured in the rabbit were 47 ± 5 μm and 373 ± 25 μm, respectively (n = 10 corneas); coefficients of variation for repeated scans were 8.2% and 2.1%. Corneal thickness measured using ultrasonic pachymetry was 374 + 17 μm. The mean overall keratocyte density measured in the rabbit was 43,246 ± 5603 cells per cubic millimeter in vivo (n = 6 corneas). There was a gradual decrease in keratocyte density from the anterior to posterior cornea (R = 0.99), consistent with previous data generated in vitro.
CONCLUSION: This modified system allows high-resolution 3-dimensional image stacks to be collected from the full-thickness rabbit cornea in vivo. These data sets can be used for interactive visualization of corneal cell layers, measurement of sublayer thickness, and depth-dependent keratocyte density measurements. Overall, the modifications significantly expand the potential quantitative research applications of the HRT Rostock Cornea Module microscope.
W Matthew Petroll; Matthew Weaver; Saurabh Vaidya; James P McCulley; H Dwight Cavanagh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cornea     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1536-4798     ISO Abbreviation:  Cornea     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-08     Completed Date:  2013-09-05     Revised Date:  2014-04-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8216186     Medline TA:  Cornea     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e36-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cornea / anatomy & histology*
Corneal Keratocytes / cytology
Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted
Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological / instrumentation*
Microscopy, Confocal / instrumentation,  methods*
Tomography / instrumentation,  methods*
Grant Support
P30 EY020799/EY/NEI NIH HHS; P30 EY020799/EY/NEI NIH HHS; R01 EY013322/EY/NEI NIH HHS; R01 EY013322/EY/NEI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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