Document Detail

Quantitating the change in upper eyelid position during downgaze.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8090463     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To derive normative data on eyelid position in primary gaze, upgaze, and downgaze in subjects of various ages. METHODS: Upper eyelid margin to corneal light reflex distance (uMRD), lower eyelid to corneal light reflex distance (IMRD), and vertical interpalpebral fissure (IPF) measurements were obtained on 50 healthy subjects. RESULTS: In downgaze, a mean decrease of 1.0 mm uMRD (P < 0.001) and 2.3 mm IPF (P < 0.001) was noted. Linear regression analysis demonstrated that older subjects tended to have a greater decrease in uMRD on downgaze (P = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: Decrease in upper eyelid position on downgaze is a common phenomenon. Increased blepharoptosis on downgaze noted in patients with acquired blepharoptosis may largely reflect normal physiologic processes.
S H Stoller; D R Meyer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ophthalmology     Volume:  101     ISSN:  0161-6420     ISO Abbreviation:  Ophthalmology     Publication Date:  1994 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-10-20     Completed Date:  1994-10-20     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802443     Medline TA:  Ophthalmology     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1604-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, Albany Medical College, NY 12203.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Aging / physiology
Blinking / physiology*
Eye Movements
Eyelids / physiology*
Fixation, Ocular*
Middle Aged
Reference Values
Vision, Ocular*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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