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Quantifying subtle changes in cardiovascular mechanics in acromegaly: a Doppler myocardial imaging study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25125022     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM OF THE STUDY: To describe morphological and functional cardiovascular changes in acromegaly (ACM) patients, as well as to investigate the ability of Doppler-based myocardial deformation imaging (DMI) to characterize subtle dysfunction in ACM.
METHODS: 69 patients (pts) with ACM (mean age 47 ± 10 years, 27 men) and 31 controls (mean age 43 ± 16 years, matched for age and gender) were recruited. Standard echocardiography and DMI data were obtained for all patients. Peak systolic longitudinal strain values (S) were determined for the left and right ventricles. Radial S was measured at the level of the mid inferolateral segment. Using a high-resolution echo-tracking system, the main indices of arterial stiffness were measured.
RESULTS: Of the ACM subjects, 57 had active disease (group A), and 12 controlled ACM (group B). All pts with ACM presented structural changes: a higher LV indexed mass (112 ± 36, 118 ± 23 vs 74 ± 18 g/m(2), p < 0.001) and a higher relative wall thickness (0.45 ± 0.09, 0.50 ± 0.07 vs 0.40 ± 0.07, p = 0.003) compared to controls. Also, ACM pts had functional changes: reduced LV ejection fraction (57 ± 5, 55 ± 5 vs 64 ± 4 %, p < 0.001) and altered diastolic function (E/A 1.0 ± 0.4, 1.1 ± 0.1 vs 1.3 ± 0.3, p = 0.005) compared to controls. Both longitudinal and radial LV S values were lower in ACM compared to controls: -16.5 ± 3.5, -16.8 ± 4.3 vs -21.5 ± 3.8 %, p < 0.001 for longitudinal and 38.3 ± 12.3, 35.6 ± 11.8 vs 52.2 ± 11.7 %, p = 0.002 for radial strain.
CONCLUSIONS: ACM pts present LV concentric hypertrophy and LV systolic and diastolic dysfunction, even in controlled disease. Altered global LV systolic function appears to be due both to longitudinal and radial dysfunction.
Authors:
R Jurcut; S Găloiu; A Florian; A Vlădaia; O R Ioniţă; M S Amzulescu; I Baciu; B A Popescu; M Coculescu; C Ginghina
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of endocrinological investigation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1720-8386     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Endocrinol. Invest.     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806594     Medline TA:  J Endocrinol Invest     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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