Document Detail


Quantified activity pattern data from 6 to 27-month-old farmworker children for use in exposure assessment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18723168     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study was conducted to describe exposure prone behaviors of infants and toddlers in the farmworker community. Analysis of hand and mouth contact frequencies and durations aids understanding of how children interact with their environment and are exposed via contact with surfaces. All 23 participating children (8 female infants, 5 male infants, 5 female toddlers and 5 male toddlers) lived with at least one farmworker. Children were videotaped at home for 2-6 h. Video footage was translated into micro-level activity time series (MLATS) for both hands and the mouth. MLATS were processed to calculate hourly duration in microenvironments, contact frequency, hourly contact duration and median contact duration. The median hourly duration spent indoors was 53 min/h. The median hand-to-mouth frequency was 15.2 events/h and the median object-to-mouth frequency was 27.2 events/h. The hourly mouthing duration was 1.2 and 2.2 min/h with the hands and objects, respectively. The median mouthing duration with hands and objects was 2 s. The median contact frequency for both hands combined was 689.4 events/h with an hourly contact duration of 100.5 min/h and a median contact duration of 3s. Infants had higher mouthing frequencies with non-dietary objects while toddlers had higher mouthing frequencies with objects associated with pica (i.e., paper). Boys had higher contact frequencies while girls had longer contact durations. These sub-group differences indicate factors such as age and gender should be accounted for when conducting exposure assessments. Contact frequencies in this study are higher than current US EPA recommendations, questioning their protective value for infants and toddlers.
Authors:
Paloma Beamer; Maya E Key; Alesia C Ferguson; Robert A Canales; Willa Auyeung; James O Leckie
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2008-08-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental research     Volume:  108     ISSN:  1096-0953     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Res.     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-20     Completed Date:  2008-11-12     Revised Date:  2013-06-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147621     Medline TA:  Environ Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  239-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Community, Environment and Policy, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, AZ 85724, USA. pbeamer@email.arizona.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture*
Child Behavior
Child, Preschool
Environmental Exposure / analysis*
Environmental Monitoring / methods
Environmental Pollution / analysis*
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant Behavior
Male
Pesticides / analysis*
Pilot Projects
Questionnaires
Time Factors
Videotape Recording*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5P01ES09605/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; P01 ES009605-05/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Pesticides
Comments/Corrections

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