Document Detail

Quantification of total and specific gram-negative histamine-producing bacteria species in fish using an MPN real-time PCR method.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21839377     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Quantification of histamine-producing bacteria (HPB) is necessary in order to elucidate the role that HPB play in scombrotoxin (histamine) fish poisoning. We report here the evaluation of a real-time PCR method for the quantification of total and specific Gram-negative HPB species in fish using a most probable number (MPN) format. The species-specific real-time PCR assay was 100% inclusive for independently detecting Morganella morganii, Enterobacter aerogenes, Raoultella planticola/ornithinolytica and Photobacterium damselae and did not cross react with other histamine- or non- histamine-producing bacteria. The efficiency of the reactions in the absence and presence of Spanish mackerel enrichment containing 1 × 10(6) CFU/ml of background microflora were 93-104 and 92-99%, respectively. The MPN-real-time PCR assay accurately quantified total and specific HPB in spiked mahi-mahi (Coryphaena hippurus) and Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus maculates) samples. These methods were used to quantify total and specific HPB in naturally contaminated, decomposing mahi-mahi, Spanish mackerel and tuna (Thunnus albacares) samples. The results of this study indicate that MPN-real-time PCR assays can be used to accurately enumerate total and specific HPB in fish samples. These assays can be applied to assess the effectiveness of mitigation strategies and understand the relationship between HPB and histamine production in decomposing fish.
Kristin Bjornsdottir-Butler; Jessica L Jones; Ronald A Benner; William Burkhardt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-05-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food microbiology     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1095-9998     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8601127     Medline TA:  Food Microbiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1284-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Gulf Coast Seafood Laboratory, 1 Iberville Dr., Dauphin Island, AL 36528, USA.
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