Document Detail

Quality of reporting of regional anesthesia outcomes in the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19671083     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Consistent and reliable standards for reporting of regional anesthetic adverse events are lacking. The quality of reporting of regional anesthetic morbidity has not been assessed critically. AIM: To evaluate quality of regional anesthesia outcomes reporting. Methods. Published retrospective or prospective observational cohort or randomized controlled trials in peer-reviewed journals were reviewed, and judged according to seven criteria related to quality of reporting of regional anesthesia complications: method of accrual, duration of data collection, definition of complication, morbidity and mortality rates, grade of complication severity, exclusion criteria, and study follow up. Differences in reporting outcomes according to study design, sample size and time period were compared. RESULTS: Ninety-one articles published from 1996-2006 involving 8,833 patients were analyzed. The majority of studies (75%) met < or =4 reporting criteria. Recently published, prospective studies with >200 patients were associated with significantly higher-quality reporting (P < 0.05). Fewer than 50% of studies reported at least one recognized, accepted complication with defined criteria or indicated duration of follow up. Reporting compliance was worse (29%) for reporting of actual morbidity rates, and complications leading to death. Complication severity grading related to regional anesthesia was reported in 2% of studies. CONCLUSION: Consistent and comparative regional anesthesia outcome data are lacking in peer-reviewed journals. A graded regional anesthetic morbidity and mortality system according to the intensity of therapy required for the treatment of the defined complication is proposed, along with a structured format for the reporting of regional anesthesia complications according to defined reporting standards.
Alexander Stojadinovic; Sean M Shockey; Scott M Croll; Chester C Buckenmaier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review     Date:  2009-08-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.)     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1526-4637     ISO Abbreviation:  Pain Med     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-23     Completed Date:  2009-12-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100894201     Medline TA:  Pain Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1123-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Army Regional Anesthesia & Pain Management Initiative, Anesthesia & Operative Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC 20307-5001, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anesthesia, Conduction / adverse effects,  mortality,  standards*
Cohort Studies
Nerve Block / adverse effects,  mortality
Prospective Studies
Publishing / standards*
Quality Control
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Research / standards*
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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