Document Detail


Quality of nutrition of elderly with different degrees of dependency: elderly living in private homes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18382079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND/AIM: To be aware of the influencing factors of healthy aging, several cross-sectional surveys have been carried out among the elderly living in Austria to identify health and lifestyle factors as well as socioeconomic influences that contribute to the nutritional situation. METHODS: Information about the health situation was collected by questionnaires. Diet was assessed by both qualitative food frequency questionnaires and 24-hour recalls. Additionally, nutritional status was examined in blood and urine samples using static and functional parameters. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight (21%, BMI >29) and obesity increased with increasing age up to 65 years; in people older than 65 years an inverse tendency could be observed; as from this age upwards a high prevalence of underweight was found (22%, BMI <24). The consumption of meat and meat products was too high compared to the recommendations. By contrast, the intake of high nutrient density foods was insufficient. On average, the fat intake was around 38% of total energy (%E); that of saturated fatty acids amounted to 20%E; the intake of carbohydrate and fiber was considered as being too low. The intake of folate, vitamin D, calcium, iodine, magnesium and vitamin C was assessed as inadequate. CONCLUSION: More attention has to be paid to certain micronutrients in order to optimize dietary intake and to sustain health.
Authors:
Katharina Fritz; Ibrahim Elmadfa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-03-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of nutrition & metabolism     Volume:  52 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1421-9697     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Nutr. Metab.     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-02     Completed Date:  2008-06-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8105511     Medline TA:  Ann Nutr Metab     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  47-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. katharina.fritz@univie.ac.at
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Aging / physiology*
Austria / epidemiology
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet / standards*
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage,  adverse effects
Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
Female
Geriatric Assessment
Humans
Life Style
Male
Micronutrients / administration & dosage*,  deficiency
Middle Aged
Nutrition Assessment*
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Requirements
Nutritive Value
Obesity / epidemiology*
Socioeconomic Factors
Thinness / epidemiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Micronutrients

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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