Document Detail

Quality not quantity of television viewing is associated with bilingual toddlers' vocabulary scores.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23454426     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Previous research examining the relationship between television viewing and vocabulary has produced mixed findings that indicate the quality of television exposure may impact language development more than quantity. However, few infant or toddler studies have included both quality and quantity measures and no study has done so with bilinguals. Caregivers of monolingual English, monolingual French, and English-French bilingual infants and toddlers from the same geographical area completed questionnaires regarding television exposure and vocabulary. Factor analysis of the questionnaire data confirmed that quantity and quality of viewing should be assessed separately. Quantity of television viewing was not correlated with language outcomes in any group. Poor quality viewing (television unintended for children, background television, solitary viewing, and earlier age of viewing) was related to lower vocabulary scores overall, but especially the English vocabulary scores of bilingual toddlers. Possible reasons for this finding are discussed.
Tamara M Hudon; Christopher T Fennell; Matthew Hoftyzer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infant behavior & development     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1934-8800     ISO Abbreviation:  Infant Behav Dev     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-3-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806016     Medline TA:  Infant Behav Dev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  245-254     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
University of Ottawa, Canada. Electronic address:
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