Document Detail


Quality of malnutrition assessment surveys conducted during famine in Ethiopia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15292087     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
CONTEXT: During 1999 and 2000, approximately 10 million people were affected by famine in Ethiopia. Results of nutrition assessments and surveys conducted by humanitarian organizations were used by donors and government agencies to determine needs for food aid and to make other decisions on geographic allocation of limited resources; however, accurate results might have been hampered by methodological errors. OBJECTIVES: To identify common methodological errors in nutrition assessments and surveys and to provide practical recommendations for improvement. DESIGN AND SETTING: Nutrition assessments and surveys (n = 125) conducted by 14 nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in 54 woredas (districts) in Ethiopia from May 1, 1999, through July 31, 2000. Surveys were ranked as valid and precise according to 5 criteria: use of population proportional to size sampling, sample size, number of clusters, number of children per cluster, and use of weight-for-height index. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number and proportion of surveys that used standard, internationally accepted methods and reported valid and precise results. RESULTS: Fifty-eight of the 125 surveys (46%) were not intended to be standard 30 x 30 cluster surveys. Of the remaining 67 surveys, 6 (9%) met predetermined criteria for validity and precision. All 67 used the anthropometric index of weight-for-height, with 58 (87%) reporting z scores. Fifty-four (81%) used nonrandom sampling without consideration of population size and 6 (9%) had sample sizes of fewer than 500 persons. CONCLUSIONS: Major methodological errors were identified among 30 x 30 cluster surveys designed to measure acute malnutrition prevalence in Ethiopia during the famine of 1999-2000. Donor agencies and NGOs should be educated about the need for improved quality of nutrition assessments and their essential role in directing allocation of scarce food resources.
Authors:
Paul B Spiegel; Peter Salama; Susan Maloney; Albertien van der Veen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association     Volume:  292     ISSN:  1538-3598     ISO Abbreviation:  JAMA     Publication Date:  2004 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-04     Completed Date:  2004-08-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501160     Medline TA:  JAMA     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  613-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch, Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services, National Center for Environmental Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga, USA. spiegel@unhcr.ch
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Anthropometry
Child, Preschool
Cluster Analysis
Ethiopia / epidemiology
Humans
Infant
Malnutrition / diagnosis*,  epidemiology
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys*
Retrospective Studies
Starvation / diagnosis,  epidemiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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