Document Detail

Quality of life after transcatheter aortic valve implantation and surgical replacement in high-risk elderly patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23073533     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the quality of life after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and surgical replacement (SAVR) at one year. METHODS: The study included 45 consecutive high-risk patients (average age 82.0 years; logistic Euroscore 22.3%) with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis allocated to TAVI transfemoral, TAVI transapical using the Edwards-Sapien valve or SAVR with the Edwards Perimount bioprosthesis (n=15 in each). The pre-operative characteristics were similar except for more myocardial infarctions in TAVI. The quality of life was assessed using the standardized EQ-5D questionnaire at baseline and on days 30, 90 and 360. The protocol was approved by the local ethics committee and an informed consent was signed. A total of 7 patients (15.5%) died during follow-up. RESULTS: At baseline no significant differences in any of the quality-of-life parameters were found except for usual activities described as "best" (46.7% in SAVR vs. 10.0% in TAVI; P=0.002). At 30 and 90 days surviving patients were similar and at 360 days only the anxiety/depression score was "best" in 83.3% SAVR vs. 59.1% (P=0.046). Functional status improved in all patients (NYHA class I-II in 13.3% at baseline vs. 78.9% at 360-days) and the general health median significantly improved in TAVI patients (from 50 to 67; P=0.001) with a positive trend in SAVR patients (P=0.060). CONCLUSIONS: At one year, the general quality of life of high-risk patients had significantly improved after transcatheter aortic valve implantation with a positive trend in surgically treated patients.
Petr Kala; Martin Tretina; Martin Poloczek; Jiri Ondrasek; Petr Malik; Petr Pokorny; Jiri Parenica; Jindrich Spinar; Jiri Jarkovsky; Simona Littnerova; Petr Nemec
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biomedical papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacky, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1213-8118     ISO Abbreviation:  Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101140142     Medline TA:  Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Internal Cardiology Medicine LF MU and FN Brno, Czech Republic.
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