Document Detail


Quality and disinfection trials of consumption water in storage reservoirs for rural area in the Marrakech region (Assif El Mal).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23428557     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Traditional reservoirs for water storage are important systems of water supply in rural areas of Morocco. These reservoirs are fed by rainwater and/or directly from rivers through open channels; the stored water is used without any treatment as drinking water by the surrounding population. The present study aimed to assess the physicochemical and bacteriological quality of stored water and the corresponding sediment in six traditional reservoirs (R1 to R6) located in the rural municipality of Assif El Mal. We tested two inexpensive methods of disinfecting the stored water: chlorination and solar disinfection in bottles. The results show a rise of organic and mineral concentrations. Regarding bacteriological quality, a critical contamination level was detected (8 × 10(5) CFU/100 ml in water and 9 × 10(7) CFU/g in sediment) according to the 2002 Moroccan Standards for drinking water (0 CFU/100 ml). In the disinfection tests, chlorine disinfection removed all studied germs after just 1 hour, and the solar exposure process removed the majority of bacteria (after 3 hours) except those with a resistant form (Clostridia).
Authors:
Faissal Aziz; Laila Mandi; Abdellatif Boussaid; Fatima Boraam; Naaila Ouazzani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of water and health     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1477-8920     ISO Abbreviation:  J Water Health     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101185420     Medline TA:  J Water Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  146-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Hydrobiology, Ecotoxicology & Sanitation (LHEA, URAC 33), Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, Marrakech, Morocco and National Center for Research and Study on Water and Energy (CNEREE), Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco E-mail: nouazzani@yahoo.fr.
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