Document Detail


Quality of acquired responses to tastes by Rattus norvegicus depends on type of associated discomfort.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6307586     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Rats were trained to avoid a sugar solution through pairing with LiCl toxicosis (upper gastrointestinal tract discomfort), shock (peripheral pain), or high levels of lactose (lower gastrointestinal tract discomfort). Among animals matched for strength of avoidance of the sugar solution, only the LiCl group showed orofacial responses (e.g., gaping) indicative of distaste; the other groups continued to show positive orofacial responses to the sugar solution. These results, in conjunction with recent results on humans, are interpreted to represent a distinction between food rejection based primarily on unpalatability (distaste) and food rejection based primarily on anticipated negative consequences of ingestion (danger). The results also support the hypothesis that upper gastrointestinal distress (most probably nausea) plays a special role in negative palatability shifts (acquired distastes). These results have implications for the understanding of predispositions in learning and suggest important differences in the quality (readout) of different types of associations. Prior research, by relying on intake measures alone, was insensitive to the differences revealed here by monitoring a wider range of responses.
Authors:
M L Pelchat; H J Grill; P Rozin; J Jacobs
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of comparative psychology (Washington, D.C. : 1983)     Volume:  97     ISSN:  0735-7036     ISO Abbreviation:  J Comp Psychol     Publication Date:  1983 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-09-20     Completed Date:  1983-09-20     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309850     Medline TA:  J Comp Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  140-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Association Learning* / drug effects
Avoidance Learning* / drug effects
Chlorides / poisoning
Drinking / drug effects
Electroshock
Lactose / adverse effects
Learning* / drug effects
Lithium / poisoning
Lithium Chloride
Male
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Taste* / drug effects
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AM 21397/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chlorides; 63-42-3/Lactose; 7439-93-2/Lithium; 7447-41-8/Lithium Chloride

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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