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Quality of Life and Outcomes after Nonintubated versus Intubated Video-Thoracoscopic Pleurodesis for Malignant Pleural Effusion: Comparison by a Case-Matched Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24773212     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Background: Malignant pleural effusion can be treated successfully by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) talc pleurodesis. This procedure can also be performed using local anesthesia on nonintubated patients. Objectives: To evaluate quality of life and major outcomes after VATS talc pleurodesis performed under local anesthesia in nonintubated patients with malignant pleural effusion. Design: Retrospective, nonrandomized case-matched comparison (nonintubated versus intubated) pairing the patients by computer according to their clinical features. Setting/Subjects: Since 2002, 231 consecutive patients underwent uniport VATS talc pleurodesis under local anesthesia (nonintubated group). These patients were case matched with 231 homogeneous subjects, selected from a larger group that preferred general anesthesia (intubated group) in the same period. Measurements: Quality of life (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30 core questionnaire) and other major outcomes were considered. Results: Pleurodesis was successful in 198 (85.7%) nonintubated and 193 (83.5%) intubated patients, but the former group showed shorter total operating room time (65.8±7.5 versus 84.9±13.3 minutes, p<0.0001), duration of postoperative pleural fluid leakage (2.5±1.0 versus 4.0±1.5 days, p=0.014), postoperative hospital stay (3.1±2.5 versus 4.9±2.8 days, p=0.011), as well as lower perioperative mortality (0% versus 2.3%, p=0.017), morbidity (5.2% versus 9.0%, p=0.042), and costs (6,090±517 versus 9,660±713€, p=0.015). Quality of life presented a similar evolution between groups, however, the early postoperative improvement in physical function (p<0.05), global health (p<0.05), and dyspnea (p<0.01) was significantly greater in nonintubated patients. Significant improvements in respiratory exchanges, postoperative acute stress markers, and mental confusion were also documented. Effusion-free (p=0.35) and overall (p=0.52) survival was similar between groups. Conclusion: Nonintubated VATS talc pleurodesis can achieve similar results in pleural effusion to the same operation performed under general anesthesia but with earlier improvement of some quality-of-life domains as well as better mortality, morbidity, hospital stay, and costs.
Authors:
Tommaso Claudio Mineo; Francesco Sellitri; Federico Tacconi; Vincenzo Ambrogi
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of palliative medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1557-7740     ISO Abbreviation:  J Palliat Med     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808462     Medline TA:  J Palliat Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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