Document Detail

QT interval dispersion in ventricular beats: a noninvasive marker of susceptibility to sustained ventricular arrhythmias.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11310305     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Increased QT dispersion (QTd) calculated from sinus beats has been shown to identify patients prone to sustained VT. However, predictive accuracy of this parameter is limited. Electrophysiological properties of the myocardium may be altered by a premature ventricular beats, which is a well-established trigger for sustained VT. Therefore, the author hypothesised that QTd in spontaneous or paced ventricular beats may improve identification of patients with inducible sustained VT. In 28 consecutive patients (men, mean age 61 +/- 13 years) who underwent programmed ventricular stimulation, the values of QTd calculated in sinus and ventricular beats were compared between inducible and noninducible patients. The mean QTd values obtained using three different methods differed significantly, QTd in paced ventricular beats being the highest, QTd in spontaneous ventricular beats was intermediate, and QTd in sinus beats was the lowest (83.9 +/- 30 vs 63.0 +/- 29 ms vs 53.9 +/- 27 ms, P < 0.0001 and P < 0.004, respectively). In 13 (46%) patients sustained VT was induced. QTd values were significantly higher in inducible than noninducible patients (QTd sinus beats: 67.5 +/- 31 vs 42.1 +/- 11 ms, P = 0.02; QTd spontaneous ventricular beats: 79.3 +/- 35 vs 46.7 +/- 13 ms, P = 0.008, and QTd-paced ventricular beats: 104.8 +/- 32 vs 65.9 +/- 9 ms, P = 0.0009). The receiver operator characteristic curves showed that at a sensitivity level of 100%, the highest specificity for identification of inducible patients had QTd measured in paced ventricular beats (87%) followed by QTd in spontaneous ventricular beats (45%), and QTd in sinus beats (40%). In conclusion, (1) QTd in ventricular beats is greater than in sinus beats, and (2) QTd calculated from paced ventricular beats identifies patients with inducible sustained VT better than QTd measured during sinus rhythm.
P Kułakowski; S Karczmarewicz; A Czepiel; E Makowska; M Soszyńska; L Ceremuzyński
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-04-19     Completed Date:  2001-10-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  352-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology, Postgraduate Medical School, Grochowski Hospital, ul. Grenadierów 51/59, 04-073 Warszawa, Poland.
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MeSH Terms
Electrocardiography / methods*
Heart Conduction System / physiology,  physiopathology*
Middle Aged
Sensitivity and Specificity
Tachycardia, Ventricular / diagnosis,  physiopathology*

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