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A Q-Methodology Study of Patients' Subjective Experiences of TIA.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22848864     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background. An expanding body of research has focused on a range of consequences of TIA. However, no work has been conducted on the patient's subjective experience of TIA. Aim. To capture patients' first-hand experiences of TIA. Method. Using Q-methodology which employs both qualitative and quantitative approaches, 39 statements relating to the clinical, physical, affective, and psychological impact of TIA were distilled from the literature and from patient narratives. Consistent with conventional Q-methodology, a purposive sample of twentythree post-TIA patients sorted these statements into a normally-distributed 39-cell grid, according to the extent to which each represented their experience of TIA. Results. Casewise factoranalysis was conducted on the sorted statements. Eight factors emerged which were labelled: lack of knowledge/awareness of TIA; life impact; anxiety; interpersonal impact; depression; physical consequences; cognitive avoidance/denial; constructive optimism. Conclusions. Five of the eight factors confirmed existing research on the impact of TIA, but three new issues emerged: deep-seated anxiety, denial and constructive optimism. The emerging perspectives highlight areas to target in the management of TIA and could inform health education messages, patient information, individualised caremanagement, and enhancement of coping strategies. With development, the findings could be used as a basis for psychometric risk assessment of TIA patients.
Authors:
Laura Spurgeon; Glyn Humphreys; Gill James; Cath Sackley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-07-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stroke research and treatment     Volume:  2012     ISSN:  2042-0056     ISO Abbreviation:  Stroke Res Treat     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-31     Completed Date:  2012-08-23     Revised Date:  2013-03-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101529024     Medline TA:  Stroke Res Treat     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  486261     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Primary Care, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK.
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