Document Detail

Pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunch biomass pellets using multimode microwave irradiation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23026320     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Oil palm empty fruit bunch pellets were subjected to pyrolysis in a multimode microwave (MW) system (1kW and 2.45GHz frequency) with and without the MW absorber, activated carbon. The ratio of biomass to MW absorber not only affected the temperature profiles of the EFB but also pyrolysis products such as bio-oil, char, and gas. The highest bio-oil yield of about 21wt.% was obtained with 25% MW absorber. The bio-oil consisted of phenolic compounds of about 60-70 area% as detected by GC-MS and confirmed by FT-IR analysis. Ball lightning (plasma arc) occurred due to residual palm oil in the EFB biomass without using an MW absorber. The bio-char can be utilized as potential alternative fuel because of its heating value (25MJ/kg).
Arshad Adam Salema; Farid Nasir Ani
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioresource technology     Volume:  125C     ISSN:  1873-2976     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioresour. Technol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889523     Medline TA:  Bioresour Technol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  102-107     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM 81310 Skudai, Johor D.T., Malaysia.
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