Document Detail


Purkinje-mediated effects in the response of quiescent ventricles to defibrillation shocks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19876737     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In normal cardiac function, orderly activation of the heart is facilitated by the Purkinje system (PS), a specialized network of fast-conducting fibers that lines the ventricles. Its role during ventricular defibrillation remains unelucidated. Physical characteristics of the PS make it a poor candidate for direct electrical observation using contemporary experimental techniques. This study uses a computer modeling approach to assess contributions by the PS to the response to electrical stimulation. Normal sinus rhythm was simulated and epicardial breakthrough sites were distributed in a manner consistent with experimental results. Defibrillation shocks of several strengths and orientations were applied to quiescent ventricles, with and without PS, and electrical activation was analyzed. All shocks induced local polarizations in PS branches parallel to the field, which led to the rapid spread of excitation through the network. This produced early activations at myocardial sites where tissue was unexcited by the shock and coupled to the PS. Shocks along the apico-basal axis of the heart resulted in a significant abbreviation of activation time when the PS was present; these shocks are of particular interest because the fields generated by internal cardioverter defibrillators tend to have a strong component in the same direction. The extent of PS-induced changes, both temporal and spatial, was constrained by the amount of shock-activated myocardium. Increasing field strength decreased the transmission delay between PS and ventricular tissue at Purkinje-myocardial junctions (PMJs), but this did not have a major effect on the organ-level response. Weaker shocks directly affect a smaller volume of myocardial tissue but easily excite the PS, which makes the PS contribution to far field excitation more substantial than for stronger shocks.
Authors:
Patrick M Boyle; Makarand Deo; Gernot Plank; Edward J Vigmond
Related Documents :
16828957 - Systematic review of percutaneous cardiopulmonary bypass for cardiac arrest or cardioge...
4061257 - Right ventricular infarction with shock but without significant left ventricular infarc...
16845247 - The initial anion gap is a predictor of mortality in acute myocardial infarction.
6181287 - The pathophysiologic role of myocardial depressant factor as a mediator of circulatory ...
1446997 - Effects of ventricular ectopy on sinus r-r intervals in patients with advanced heart fa...
9452157 - Symptom-oriented nitrate administration and survival after acute myocardial infarction....
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-10-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of biomedical engineering     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1573-9686     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Biomed Eng     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-03     Completed Date:  2010-04-22     Revised Date:  2013-05-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0361512     Medline TA:  Ann Biomed Eng     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  456-68     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr. NW, Calgary, AB T2N1N4, Canada. pmjboyle@ucalgary.ca
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Action Potentials / physiology*
Animals
Computer Simulation
Electric Countershock / methods*
Humans
Models, Cardiovascular*
Purkinje Fibers / physiology*
Ventricular Function, Left / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
F 3210-N18//Austrian Science Fund FWF

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  A system for recording high fidelity cough sound and airflow characteristics.
Next Document:  Geometry of the intervertebral volume and vertebral endplates of the human spine.