Document Detail

Purification and structural determination of nontoxic lipid A obtained from the lipopolysaccharide of Salmonella typhimurium.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6749846     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Endotoxin extracted from the heptose-less mutant of Salmonella typhimurium was hydrolyzed in 0.1 N HCl in methanol/water (1:1, v/v) at 100 degrees C to yield lipid A, which was then fractionated on a Sephadex LH-20 column to yield a major monophosphoryl lipid A fraction. The monophosphoryl lipid A was further fractionated by preparative thin layer chromatography. This process yielded three major bands (TLC-1, -3, and -5) and two minor bands (TLC-7 and -9). The purity of these fractions was established by ion exchange and reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography. The thin layer fractions were analyzed by fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry. TLC-1 and -3 gave molecular ions (M-H)- at m/e 1730 and 1716, respectively. Both of these fractions contained beta-hydroxymyristic, lauric, and 3-myristoxymyristic acids in O-acyl linkages. The molecular formula and Mr of TLC-1 are C95H179O22N2P and 1731.16; those of TLC-3 are C94H177O22N2P and 1717.15. TLC-1 was a methyl homolog of TLC-3. The major component of TLC-5 (C80H151O22N2P and Mr = 1506.99) gave a molecular ion at m/e 1506 and contained two beta-hydroxymyristic acids and a lauric acid in the O-acyl linkages. The major component of TLC-7 (C66H125O19N2P and Mr = 1280.83) and the single component of TLC-9 gave molecular ions at m/e 1280 and 1098, respectively. TLC-7 contained lauric and beta-hydroxymyristic acids in the O-acyl linkages. TLC-9 (C54H103O18N2P and Mr = 1098.69) contained a single O-acylated beta-hydroxymyristate group. TLC-1 and -3 were nontoxic in the chick embryo lethality test and regressed established tumors in the syngeneic guinea pigs.
N Qureshi; K Takayama; E Ribi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of biological chemistry     Volume:  257     ISSN:  0021-9258     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biol. Chem.     Publication Date:  1982 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-12-02     Completed Date:  1982-12-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985121R     Medline TA:  J Biol Chem     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11808-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Chromatography, Thin Layer
Lipid A / isolation & purification*
Lipopolysaccharides / isolation & purification*
Mass Spectrometry
Salmonella typhimurium / analysis*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lipid A; 0/Lipopolysaccharides

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