Document Detail


Purification and characterization of herpes simplex virus (type 1) thymidine kinase produced in Escherichia coli by a high efficiency expression plasmid utilizing a lambda PL promoter and cI857 temperature-sensitive repressor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6311815     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The structural gene for herpes simplex virus (type 1) thymidine kinase was cloned downstream from the lambda phage high efficiency leftward promotor in a plasmid (pHETK2) also containing the gene for the lambda cI857 temperature-sensitive repressor. Thymidine kinase is synthesized as a run-on product containing the NH2 terminus of the lambda N protein. Heat inactivation of the lambda repressor by growth at 42 degrees C results in the accumulation of thymidine kinase as approximately 4% of the total soluble cellular protein. Thymidine kinase has been purified to greater than 95% homogeneity by high speed centrifugation, ammonium sulfate fractionation, and Sephadex G-100 and hydroxylapatite column chromatography. Thymidine kinase has a subunit Mr = 42,000 determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and behaves as a dimer during Sephadex G-100 chromatography and glycerol gradient centrifugation. Thymidine kinase is enzymatically active from pH 6 to 10 with maximum activity at pH 8.5. The enzyme is protected from heat inactivation by thymidine and has a half-life at 40 degrees C of 30 min in the presence of thymidine and 3 min in its absence. Thymidine kinase displays Michaelis-Menten kinetics with apparent Michaelis constants of 0.6 and 118 microM for thymidine and ATP, respectively. Iododeoxycytidine is a competitive inhibitor of thymidine with an apparent Ki of 14 microM. The anti-herpes drug acyclovir (9-[(2-hydroxyethoxy)methyl]guanine) also appears to be a competitive inhibitor of thymidine (Ki of approximately 300 microM) but requires 3,000-fold higher concentrations than thymidine to give 50% inhibition. Other nucleoside triphosphates can substitute for ATP in the kinase reaction with the exception of dTTP which appears to inhibit thymidine kinase activity by about 50% when present in concentrations equal to that of thymidine.
Authors:
A S Waldman; E Haeusslein; G Milman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of biological chemistry     Volume:  258     ISSN:  0021-9258     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biol. Chem.     Publication Date:  1983 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-11-23     Completed Date:  1983-11-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985121R     Medline TA:  J Biol Chem     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11571-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bacteriophage lambda / genetics*
Cloning, Molecular
DNA Restriction Enzymes
Enzyme Repression
Escherichia coli / genetics*
Genes*
Genes, Viral*
Operon*
Plasmids*
Simplexvirus / enzymology*,  genetics
Temperature
Thymidine Kinase / genetics*,  isolation & purification
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
CA 21650/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
EC 2.7.1.21/Thymidine Kinase; EC 3.1.21.-/DNA Restriction Enzymes

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