Document Detail

Pure reasoning in 12-month-old infants as probabilistic inference.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21617069     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Many organisms can predict future events from the statistics of past experience, but humans also excel at making predictions by pure reasoning: integrating multiple sources of information, guided by abstract knowledge, to form rational expectations about novel situations, never directly experienced. Here, we show that this reasoning is surprisingly rich, powerful, and coherent even in preverbal infants. When 12-month-old infants view complex displays of multiple moving objects, they form time-varying expectations about future events that are a systematic and rational function of several stimulus variables. Infants' looking times are consistent with a Bayesian ideal observer embodying abstract principles of object motion. The model explains infants' statistical expectations and classic qualitative findings about object cognition in younger babies, not originally viewed as probabilistic inferences.
Erno Téglás; Edward Vul; Vittorio Girotto; Michel Gonzalez; Joshua B Tenenbaum; Luca L Bonatti
Related Documents :
25203889 - Are menopausal hot flashes an evolutionary byproduct of postpartum warming?
25359509 - Epidemiology of twinning in the national birth defects prevention study, 1997 to 2007.
25045339 - Detection of lactobacilli in monthly mail-in stool samples from 3-18 months old infants...
25432659 - Epidural analgesia, neonatal care and breastfeeding.
21572929 - Looking across domains to understand infant representation of emotion.
20556769 - Antithrombotic therapy for improving maternal or infant health outcomes in women consid...
2071059 - Maternal-fetal listeriosis: 2 case reports.
11994329 - Hypersecretion of fsh in infant boys and girls born small for gestational age.
12706639 - Comparative study of the pharmacokinetic profiles of two lmwhs--bemiparin (3500 iu, ant...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Science (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  332     ISSN:  1095-9203     ISO Abbreviation:  Science     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404511     Medline TA:  Science     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1054-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cognitive Development Centre, Central European University, H-1015 Budapest, Hungary.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Dyscalculia: from brain to education.
Next Document:  Experimental repetitive quantum error correction.