Document Detail

Pure agraphia in Romaji after left inferior frontal gyrus infarction: A case of selective deficit in syllable-to-grapheme conversion in Japanese.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23954318     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The Japanese writing system employs two distinct categories of characters: Kana and Kanji. The difference between Kana and Kanji writing corresponds roughly to that between phonological and lexical systems in Western languages. When typing, most Japanese use alphabetical characters based purely on phonological rules. In particular, the Romaji system is used, in which a syllable consists of a single vowel, a consonant-vowel compound (e.g., ka, ki), or a sequence of consonant-y(semivowel)-vowel (e.g., kya, kyu). We describe a right-handed Japanese patient who developed pure agraphia that affected Romaji writing but preserved Kana and Kanji writing and who had a lesion in the left pars opercularis of the inferior frontal gyrus that extended to the anterior precentral gyrus. The patient demonstrated literal paragraphia in spelling Romaji across modalities. Our findings suggested that the patient's agraphia in Romaji after a confined left frontal infarction was manifested by a selective impairment in syllable-to-grapheme conversion.
Kaeko Ogura; Toshikatsu Fujii; Kyoko Suzuki; Etsuro Mori
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-8-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain and language     Volume:  127     ISSN:  1090-2155     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Lang     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-8-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506220     Medline TA:  Brain Lang     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-5     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Behavioral Neurology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan. Electronic address:
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