Document Detail


Pupal deposition and ecology of bat flies (Diptera: Streblidae): Trichobius sp. (caecus group) in a Mexican cave habitat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18684039     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We studied the deposition of pupae of the winged bat fly Trichobius sp. (caecus group; Diptera), an ectoparasite of Natalus stramineus (Chiroptera, Natalidae), in a natural cave in Tamaulipas, Mexico. For the first time, we show a strong spatial segregation of populations of a streblid bat fly at different stages of development. Using molecular techniques we were able to match developmental stages to adults. Only 5 pupae were present in the main bat roosts. The overwhelming majority occurred exclusively in the bat flyway passages at a considerable distance from roosting bats. Pupal density corresponded positively with the average flight height of bats in the cave passage. Taken together, observations suggest that these ectoparasites must actively seek out their hosts by moving onto passing or roosting bats. The scarceness of pupae in the main roost may be dictated by environmental constraints for their development. The estimated population of viable pupae far exceeds the population of imagoes on the bats, and predation on adults by spiders is common.
Authors:
Katharina Dittmar; Carl W Dick; Bruce D Patterson; Michael F Whiting; Matthew E Gruwell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of parasitology     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0022-3395     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Parasitol.     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-13     Completed Date:  2009-07-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803124     Medline TA:  J Parasitol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  308-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
SUNY at Buffalo, Department of Biological Sciences, Buffalo, New York 14260, USA. katharinad@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Chiroptera / parasitology*
Diptera / physiology*
Ecosystem*
Ectoparasitic Infestations / parasitology,  veterinary*
Female
Host-Parasite Interactions
Male
Mexico
Pupa / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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