Document Detail

Punishment-specific effects of pentobarbital: dependency on the type of punisher.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  562919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Pigeons were trained to peck a key under a multiple random-interval 1-minute, random-interval 6-minute schedule of food presentation. Subsequently, over three phases, additions were made during the random-interval 1-minute component as follows: pecks during the component occasionally were punished by timeout presentation (Phase 1), timeouts were presented independently of responding during the component (Phase 2), pecks during the component occasionally were punished by electric-shock presentation (Phase 3). In Phases 1 and 3, response-dependent timeout and shock suppressed responding and established equivalent rates in both components of the multiple schedule. Intermediate doses of pentobarbital increased responding suppressed by electric-shock punishment but had little or no effect on responding suppressed by timeout punishment. Response-independent presentation of timeouts did not result in suppression of responding (thus showing that response-dependent timeout acted as a punisher), and pentobarbital did not reliably increase unpunished responding. Pentobarbital's selective "punishment-attenuating" properties depend on the nature of the punisher.
M N Branch; G Nicholson; S I Dworkin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0022-5002     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Anal Behav     Publication Date:  1977 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1978-01-27     Completed Date:  1978-01-27     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203727     Medline TA:  J Exp Anal Behav     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  285-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Conditioning, Operant / drug effects*
Discrimination (Psychology)*
Pentobarbital / pharmacology*
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Reinforcement Schedule
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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