Document Detail

Punishment and cooperation in nature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22284810     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Humans use punishment to promote cooperation in laboratory experiments but evidence that punishment plays a similar role in non-human animals is comparatively rare. In this article, we examine why this may be the case by reviewing evidence from both laboratory experiments on humans and ecologically relevant studies on non-human animals. Generally, punishment appears to be most probable if players differ in strength or strategic options. Although these conditions are common in nature, punishment (unlike other forms of aggression) involves immediate payoff reductions to both punisher and target, with net benefits to punishers contingent on cheats behaving more cooperatively in future interactions. In many cases, aggression yielding immediate benefits may suffice to deter cheats and might explain the relative scarcity of punishment in nature.
Nichola J Raihani; Alex Thornton; Redouan Bshary
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2012-01-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Trends in ecology & evolution     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1872-8383     ISO Abbreviation:  Trends Ecol. Evol. (Amst.)     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-24     Completed Date:  2012-08-09     Revised Date:  2014-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8805125     Medline TA:  Trends Ecol Evol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  288-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Evolution
Cooperative Behavior*
Selection, Genetic
Grant Support
//Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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