Document Detail


Pulsatile pulmonary perfusion with oxygenated blood ameliorates pulmonary hemodynamic and respiratory indices in low-risk coronary artery bypass patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21388821     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective: Acute lung injury still accounts for postoperative mortality after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The safety and the efficacy of pulsatile pulmonary perfusion (PPP) during CPB were analyzed. Preliminary results of the first PPP trial in human beings are reported. Methods: Thirty low-risk coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients were prospectively randomized to receive PPP with oxygenated blood during CPB and aortic cross-clamping (15 patients, PPP-group) or to conventional CPB (15 patients, control group). Alveolo-arterial oxygen gradient (A-aDO(2)) was set as the primary end point and collected preoperatively, at intensive care unit (ICU) arrival (T1), 3h postoperatively (T2), and post extubation (T3). Secondary end points were collected at the same time points and consisted of respiratory indices (partial pressure of arterial oxygen/fraction of inspired O(2) (PaO(2)/FiO(2)), lung compliance, mixed-venous partial pressure of oxygen (pO(2))) and hemodynamic pulmonary parameters (indexed pulmonary vascular resistances (PVRI), pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP), pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), and cardiac index (CI)). Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid was collected preoperatively, at ICU arrival (T1-BAL) and after 4h. Results: There were no PPP-related complications. Patients undergoing PPP showed a better preserved A-aDO(2) (group-p=0.001) throughout the study period (group×time-p=0.0001). PaO(2)/FiO(2) and lung compliance were better preserved by PPP (group-p and group×time-p≤0.05 for all). Pulmonary hemodynamic status was positively influenced by PPP, as shown by the higher CI (group-p=0.0001, group×time-p=0.0001), and the lower PVRI, PAP, and PCWP (group-p≤0.001, group×time-p=0.0001 for all). Postoperative BAL specimens demonstrated a lower absolute count of white blood cells (group-p=0.0001), a higher percentage of monocytes/macrophages (group-p=0.027), and a lower percentage of neutrophils (group-p=0.015) after PPP. Conclusions: Oxygenated blood PPP proved safe and significantly ameliorated pulmonary hemodynamic parameters and respiratory indices in low-risk CABG.
Authors:
Francesco Santini; Francesco Onorati; Mariassunta Telesca; Fabio Patelli; Giorgio Berton; Gianluigi Franchi; Giuseppe Faggian; Alessandro Mazzucco
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.
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