Document Detail


Pulsatile control of the human masticatory muscles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12562913     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Spectral analysis of jaw acceleration confirmed that the human mandible 'trembles' at a peak frequency around 6 Hz when held in its rest position and at other stationary jaw openings. The 6 Hz tremor increased during very slow movements of the mandible, but other lower-frequency peaks became prominent during more rapid jaw movements. These lower-frequency peaks are likely to be the result of asymmetries in the underlying, voluntarily produced, 'saw-tooth' movements. In comparison, finger tremor at rest and during slow voluntary movements had a mean peak frequency of about 8 Hz: this frequency did not change during rhythmical finger flexion and extension movements, but the power of the tremor increased non-linearly with the speed of the movement. The resting jaw tremor was weakly coherent with the activity of the masseter and digastric muscles at the tremor frequency in about half the subjects, but was more strongly coherent during voluntary movements in all subjects. The masseter activity was at least 150 deg out of phase with the digastric activity at the tremor frequency (and at all frequencies from 2.5-15 Hz). The alternating pattern of activity in antagonistic muscles at rest and during slow voluntary movements supports the idea that the masticatory system is subject to pulsatile control in a manner analogous to that seen in the finger.
Authors:
Shapour Jaberzadeh; Pål Brodin; Stanley C Flavel; Nicholas J O'Dwyer; Michael A Nordstrom; Timothy S Miles
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2003-01-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of physiology     Volume:  547     ISSN:  0022-3751     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Physiol. (Lond.)     Publication Date:  2003 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-03     Completed Date:  2003-09-23     Revised Date:  2013-06-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0266262     Medline TA:  J Physiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  613-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide SA 5005, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Fingers / physiology
Humans
Jaw / physiology
Masticatory Muscles / physiology*
Movement / physiology*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
Oscillometry
Periodicity*
Posture / physiology
Rest
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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