Document Detail


Pulsatile administration of oxytocin for augmentation of labor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2685676     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In a randomized study, 94 patients with term pregnancies underwent augmentation of labor with either continuous or pulsed (every 8 minutes) intravenous oxytocin infusion. There were no significant differences with respect to the maternal characteristics, cervical dilatation and effacement, induction-to-labor interval, induction-to-delivery interval, cesarean section rate, analgesia for labor, or low Apgar scores. No hyperstimulation was noted in either group. In each group, 20% of the patients had dysfunctional labor patterns, with coupling and tripling of the uterine contractions. The mean +/- SEM oxytocin administered in the pulsed-infusion group was significantly lower than that in the continuous-infusion group (2.1 +/- 0.4 versus 4.1 +/- 0.4 mU/minute; P less than .001). The mean +/- SEM total amount of oxytocin administered was 1300 +/- 332 mU for the pulsed group and 1803 +/- 302 mU for the continuous group, indicating that lower amounts of oxytocin were required for pulsed administration. Our study demonstrates that pulsatile administration of oxytocin is similar in efficacy to our standard continuous oxytocin infusion and requires a lower total amount and rate of oxytocin administered, which may afford a greater margin of safety.
Authors:
K C Cummiskey; S A Gall; M Y Dawood
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  74     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  1989 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-12-27     Completed Date:  1989-12-27     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  869-72     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Female
Humans
Infusion Pumps
Infusions, Intravenous
Labor, Induced*
Oxytocin / administration & dosage*
Pregnancy
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-56-6/Oxytocin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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