Document Detail


Pulmonary vein electrophysiology during cryoballoon ablation as a predictor for procedural success.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21594628     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Cryoballoon technique is an innovative alternative to radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). However, with current cryoballoon application techniques, the operator has no access to electrical information for 300 s during the freezing cycle. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the novel approach of real-time monitoring of pulmonary vein (PV) potentials throughout freezing using a circular mapping catheter introduced into the central lumen of the cryoballoon catheter. METHODS: Patients had paroxysmal or persistent AF. Standard balloon catheters (23 or 28 mm diameter, 10.5 F shaft) were used. A coaxial mapping catheter (shaft diameter 0.9 mm; 15 mm loop with six electrodes) was advanced through the lumen of the cryoballoon catheter, replacing the guide wire. The primary procedural end point was successful PV isolation and real-time PV potential recording. Secondary end points were procedural data, complications, and the time to successful PV isolation. RESULTS: In 141 consecutively enrolled patients, balloon positioning and ablation were successful in 439/568 veins (77%). Real-time recording of PV conduction during the freeze cycle was possible in 235/568 PVs (41%). Main reasons for failure to obtain real-time PV recordings were a distal position of the circular mapping catheter or insufficient catheter-vessel wall contact during ablation. A cutoff value of 83 s to PV isolation was predictive of stable procedural PV isolation without reconduction. One minor hemoptysis was observed possibly related to the mapping catheter. CONCLUSIONS: This study, the largest to date, showed that real-time monitoring of PV conduction during cryoballoon freezing can be safely performed with a circular mapping catheter. A cutoff time of 83 s to PV isolation was predictive of sustained procedural PV isolation success without reconduction.
Authors:
Uwe Dorwarth; Martin Schmidt; Michael Wankerl; Juergen Krieg; Florian Straube; Ellen Hoffmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of interventional cardiac electrophysiology : an international journal of arrhythmias and pacing     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1572-8595     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9708966     Medline TA:  J Interv Card Electrophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology an Intensive Care Medicine, Heart Center Munich-Bogenhausen, Klinikum Bogenhausen, Englschalkinger Strasse 77, 81925, Munich, Germany, uwe.dorwarth@klinikum-muenchen.de.
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