Document Detail


Pulmonary rehabilitation improves exercise capacity and quality of life in underweight patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21054672     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background and objective:  An estimated 20-40% of COPD patients are underweight. We sought to confirm the physiological and psychosocial benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation programmes (PRP) in underweight compared with non-underweight patients with COPD. Methods:  Twenty-two underweight COPD patients with BMI <20 kg/m(2) , and 22 non-underweight COPD patients, who were matched for FEV(1) and age, were studied. All patients had moderate-to-very severe COPD. All patients participated in 12-week, hospital-based outpatient PRP consisting of two sessions per week. Baseline and post-PRP status were evaluated by spirometry, cardiopulmonary exercise testing, ventilatory muscle strength and the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Results:  At baseline, the age distribution and airflow obstruction were similar in underweight and non-underweight patients with COPD. Baseline exercise capacity, inspiratory muscle strength and SGRQ total and symptoms scores were significantly lower in the underweight patients (all P < 0.05). After the PRP, there was significant weight gain in the underweight COPD patients (mean increase 0.8 kg, P = 0.01). There were also significant improvements in peak oxygen uptake, peak workload and the SGRQ total, symptoms, activity and impact scores in both underweight and non-underweight patients with COPD (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:  Underweight patients with COPD have impaired exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQL). Exercise training with supplemental oxygen may result in significant weight gains and improvements in exercise capacity and HRQL. Exercise training is indicated for underweight patients with COPD.
Authors:
Chou-Chin Lan; Mei-Chen Yang; Chih-Hsin Lee; Yi-Chih Huang; Chun-Yao Huang; Kuo-Liang Huang; Yao-Kuang Wu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respirology (Carlton, Vic.)     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1440-1843     ISO Abbreviation:  Respirology     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9616368     Medline TA:  Respirology     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  276-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Respirology © 2011 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.
Affiliation:
Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Buddhist Tzu-Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch, Taipei, Taiwan.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Sodium cromoglycate and eformoterol attenuate sensitivity and reactivity to inhaled mannitol in subj...
Next Document:  Long-term outcomes from bronchoscopic lung volume reduction using a bronchial prosthesis.