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Pulmonary hypertension complicating sarcoidosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22608948     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Pulmonary hypertension is a challenging complication of sarcoidosis, which reported rates of prevalence largely depend on the advancement of pulmonary disease. About 6% of unselected sarcoidosis patients suffer from PH. Although destruction of the distal capillary bed and resultant hypoxemia are important, the mechanisms of sarcoidosis-PH are multifactorial, including specific vasculopathy, local increased vasoreactivity, extrinsic compression of pulmonary vessels and portal hypertension. As a result, a proportion of patients exhibit "out of proportion" PH, i.e. more severe than expected from functional impairment (mean PAP>35-40mmHg). The sarcoidosis vasculopathy prevails in the venous side, reflecting the spreading of granulomatous process, and can cause pulmonary veno-occlusive disease. The responsibility of left-heart dysfunction is probably underestimated by echocardiography. There is no validated screening algorithm for the detection of sarcoidosis-PH but recent studies have underlined the role of right heart catheterisation to exclude post-capillary PH. PH carries a poor prognosis in sarcoidosis patients, with a significantly increased morbidity and mortality. Management of sarcoidosis-PH mainly relies on supportive therapy (supplemental oxygen and diuretics as needed) and lung transplantation in otherwise eligible patients. Rare cases of sarcoidosis-PH with nonfibrotic pulmonary disease respond to corticosteroids. Data on the efficacy and safety of PAH agents are scarce and discrepant. Further controlled trials are warranted and should integrate the concept of disproportionate PH in their design.
Authors:
Hilario Nunes; Yurdagul Uzunhan; Olivia Freynet; Marc Humbert; Pierre-Yves Brillet; Marianne Kambouchner; Dominique Valeyre
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Presse medicale (Paris, France : 1983)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0755-4982     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8302490     Medline TA:  Presse Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
Affiliation:
University Paris 13, UPRES EA 2363, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Avicenne Hospital, Department of Pneumology, 93009 Bobigny, France.
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