Document Detail

Pulmonary hypertension: classification and diagnostic algorithm.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16270476     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is defined as a group of diseases characterized by a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance leading to right ventricular failure and premature death. Recently, the diagnostic approach has been more clearly defined according to the new clinical classification and with consensus reached on algorithms of various investigative tests and procedures that exclude other causes and ensure an accurate diagnosis of PAH. The diagnostic procedures include clinical history and physical examination, ECG, chest X-ray, transthoracic Doppler echocardiography, pulmonary function tests, arterial blood gas analysis, ventilation and perfusion lung scan, high-resolution computed tomography of the lungs, contrast-enhanced spiral computed tomography of the lungs and pulmonary angiography, blood tests and immunology, abdominal ultrasound scan, exercise capacity assessment, and hemodynamic evaluation. Invasive and non-invasive markers of disease severity, either biomarkers or physiological parameters and tests that can be widely applied, have been proposed to reliably monitor the clinical course.
Alessandra Manes; Carlo Campana
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Italian heart journal : official journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1129-471X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ital Heart J     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-11-07     Completed Date:  2005-12-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100909716     Medline TA:  Ital Heart J     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  834-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Cardiology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Diagnostic Imaging / methods*
Hypertension, Pulmonary / classification*,  diagnosis*
Respiratory Function Tests
Severity of Illness Index

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