Document Detail

Pulmonary function and ventilatory limitation to exercise in congenital heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19207396     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Pulmonary function in older children and adolescents following surgical repair of congenital heart disease is often abnormal for various reasons. Many of these patients report symptoms of exercise intolerance although the reason(s) for this symptom can be complicated and sometimes interrelated. Is it simply deconditioning due to inactive lifestyle, chronotropic or inotropic insufficiency? or could there indeed be ventilatory limitation to exercise? These are the questions facing the clinician with the increasing frequency of patients undergoing repair early in life and growing into adulthood. Understanding pulmonary functional outcomes and means of determining ventilatory limitation to exercise is essential to thoroughly address the problem. This article reviews pulmonary function in patients with congenital heart disease and then describes a newer technique that should be applied to determine ventilatory limitation to exercise.
Paolo T Pianosi; Jonathan N Johnson; Attilio Turchetta; Bruce D Johnson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Congenital heart disease     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1747-0803     ISO Abbreviation:  Congenit Heart Dis     Publication Date:    2009 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-02-11     Completed Date:  2009-05-21     Revised Date:  2011-05-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101256510     Medline TA:  Congenit Heart Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicne, Rochester, MN, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Cardiac Surgical Procedures / methods*
Child Development / physiology
Child, Preschool
Exercise Tolerance / physiology*
Forced Expiratory Volume / physiology
Heart Defects, Congenital / diagnosis,  surgery*
Infant, Newborn
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Pulmonary Ventilation / physiology*
Respiratory Function Tests
Total Lung Capacity
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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