Document Detail


Pulmonary fibrosis in cable plant workers exposed to mist and vapor of petroleum distillates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3732201     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Twenty-five cable plant workers exposed to mists and vapors of mineral oils and kerosene for 5-35 years have been investigated in a cross-sectional, matched pairs study. The exposed cohort and the referents were examined by radiology, pulmonary function measurements, and a questionnaire for symptoms of respiratory disease. Lung tissue from a deceased worker with 35 years of exposure was investigated by histopathologic methods and by scanning electron microscopy. Exposure measurements were performed by personal sampling. Previous employment and smoking habits were recorded for all subjects. An increased prevalence of slight basal lung fibrosis was found in chest films of the exposed workers. Pulmonary fibrosis was confirmed histopathologically. A moderately decreased vital capacity (VC) and forced expiratory volume (FEV1) was found. Oil mist was measured to time-weighted average levels of 0.15-0.30 mg/m3 with short-term vapor exposure of up to 4000 mg/m3. It is concluded that mists and vapors from petroleum distillates are the most probable causes of the findings.
Authors:
K Skyberg; A Rønneberg; J I Kamøy; K Dale; A Borgersen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental research     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0013-9351     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Res.     Publication Date:  1986 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-09-17     Completed Date:  1986-09-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147621     Medline TA:  Environ Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  261-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Forced Expiratory Volume
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases / chemically induced*,  physiopathology,  radiography
Petroleum / poisoning*
Pulmonary Fibrosis / chemically induced*,  physiopathology,  radiography
Smoking
Volatilization
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Petroleum

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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