Document Detail


Pulmonary blood flow reduction by prostaglandin F2 alpha and pulmonary artery balloon manipulation during one-lung ventilation in dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3083629     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this experimental study was to compare two methods of pulmonary blood flow manipulation during one-lung ventilation (OLV), either reducing pulmonary blood flow to the non-ventilated lung by inflation of a pulmonary artery catheter balloon (PAB) or by infusion of prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha). Seven anaesthetized dogs were intubated with a Kottmeier endobronchial tube and ventilated with 66% O2. Systemic and pulmonary pressures and blood gases, cardiac output and airway pressure were measured, and the venous admixture (QSP/QT) was calculated. During two-lung ventilation (TLV) Pao2 was 43.6 +/- 1.9 kPa (mean +/- s.d.) and (QSP/QT) was 11 +/- 3%. OLV reduced Pao2 to 12.1 +/- 1.6 kPa (P less than or equal to 0.001) and increased QSP/QT to 40 +/- 4% (P less than or equal to 0.001). Mean pulmonary artery pressure and airway pressure increased. PAB inflation caused an increase in Pao2 to 19.9 +/- 2.9 kPa (P less than or equal to 0.02) and a decrease in QSP/QT to 27 +/- 6% (P less than or equal to 0.001). PGF2 alpha infusion (1.2 micrograms kg-1 min-1) into the pulmonary artery of the non-ventilated lung increased Pao2 to 22.4 +/- 3.3 kPa (P less than or equal to 0.001) and decreased QSP/QT to 25 +/- 4 (P less than or equal to 0.001). PGF2 alpha infusion resulted in a small increase in mean systemic and pulmonary artery pressures. During the infusion of 1.2 micrograms kg-1 min-1 of PGF2 alpha no signs of bronchoconstriction were observed. PAB inflation and PGF2 alpha infusion were equally effective in improving oxygenation and reducing venous admixture during OLV.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
R Scherer; G Vigfusson; P Lawin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0001-5172     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Publication Date:  1986 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-04-25     Completed Date:  1986-04-25     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370270     Medline TA:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Assisted Circulation
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Carbon Dioxide / analysis
Cardiac Output / drug effects
Dinoprost
Dogs
Heart Rate / drug effects
Partial Pressure
Prostaglandins F / pharmacology*
Pulmonary Artery / physiology*
Pulmonary Circulation / drug effects*
Respiration, Artificial
Vascular Resistance / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Prostaglandins F; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 551-11-1/Dinoprost

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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