Document Detail

Pulmonary atelectasis: a pathogenic perioperative entity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15791115     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Atelectasis occurs in the dependent parts of the lungs of most patients who are anesthetized. Development of atelectasis is associated with decreased lung compliance, impairment of oxygenation, increased pulmonary vascular resistance, and development of lung injury. The adverse effects of atelectasis persist into the postoperative period and can impact patient recovery. This review article focuses on the causes, nature, and diagnosis of atelectasis. The authors discuss the effects and implications of atelectasis in the perioperative period and illustrate how preventive measures may impact outcome. In addition, they examine the impact of atelectasis and its prevention in acute lung injury.
Michelle Duggan; Brian P Kavanagh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anesthesiology     Volume:  102     ISSN:  0003-3022     ISO Abbreviation:  Anesthesiology     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-25     Completed Date:  2005-05-16     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1300217     Medline TA:  Anesthesiology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  838-54     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Departments of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine and the Lung Biology Program, Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X8.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology
Anesthesia / adverse effects
Intraoperative Complications / diagnosis,  etiology,  pathology,  therapy*
Pulmonary Atelectasis / diagnosis,  etiology,  pathology,  therapy*
Respiratory Function Tests
Vascular Resistance / physiology

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