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Pulmonary Function Impairment in Patients Undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22826061     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Deterioration of pulmonary function can be the sole symptom of early stages of pulmonary complications following allogeneic hematopoietic cells transplantation (alloHCT). The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence and types of pulmonary function abnormalities in allogenic cells recipients. Twenty three (5 children and 18 adults) allogeneic hematopoietic cells recipients who underwent pulmonary function assessment before and 6-12 months after alloHCT were included in the study. Forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)), forced vital capacity (FVC), total lung capacity (TLC), and lung diffusion capacity for carbon dioxide (D(L)CO) were determined. Values <80% of predicted were considered abnormal. We found significant reductions of FVC, D(L)CO, and TLC after alloHCT. The most important reduction was noted in D(L)CO (pre-alloHCT of 85%±15% vs. post- alloHCT of 60%  ±  21%, p<  0.05). Six patients (26%) presented with lung function impairment before alloHCT: obstructive lung disease (4%), restrictive lung disease (13%), and decreased D(L)CO (17%). In 19 patients (83%) pulmonary function abnormalities were demonstrated after alloHCT. The most common disturbance was a D(L)CO decrease that occurred in 16 patients (70%). In conclusion, frequency of pulmonary function abnormalities in patients after alloHCT is high. A diffusion capacity decrease and restrictive pattern of ventilation insufficiency develop in the majority of patients after alloHCT. It would be reasonable to include pulmonary function testing to standard periodic examination in patients qualified for, and after, alloHCT procedure.
Authors:
Pawel Piesiak; Ewa Gorczynska; Anna Brzecka; Monika Kosacka; Renata Jankowska
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in experimental medicine and biology     Volume:  755     ISSN:  0065-2598     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0121103     Medline TA:  Adv Exp Med Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  143-148     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pulmonology and Lung Cancer, Wroclaw Medical University, Grabiszynska 105 St., 53-439, Wroclaw, Poland, ppiesiak@tlen.pl.
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