Document Detail

Publication bias in foodborne outbreaks of infectious intestinal disease and its implications for evidence-based food policy. England and Wales 1992-2003.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16420723     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Systematic national surveillance of outbreaks of infectious intestinal disease (IID) was introduced in England and Wales in 1992 to provide comprehensive information on causative organisms, sources or vehicles of infection and modes of transmission. We compared information from this system with that published in the peer-reviewed literature between 1 January 1992 and 31 January 2003 to assess the potential effect of publication bias on food-safety policy. During the study period 1763 foodborne outbreaks of IID were reported to national surveillance. Fifty-five were published in the peer-reviewed literature. The peer-reviewed literature overestimated the impacts of milk/milk products, miscellaneous foods (e.g. sandwiches) and desserts and underestimated those of poultry, fish and shellfish, red meat/meat products and eggs/egg products. Without systematic surveillance, knowledge of causative organisms, sources or vehicles of infection and modes of transmission, as gleaned from the peer-reviewed literature, would potentially distort food-safety policy.
S J O'Brien; I A Gillespie; M A Sivanesan; R Elson; C Hughes; G K Adak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2006-01-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology and infection     Volume:  134     ISSN:  0950-2688     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemiol. Infect.     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-27     Completed Date:  2006-08-31     Revised Date:  2013-06-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703737     Medline TA:  Epidemiol Infect     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  667-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Medicine and Neurosciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. Sarah.O'
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MeSH Terms
Chi-Square Distribution
Communicable Diseases / epidemiology*,  microbiology
Disease Outbreaks*
England / epidemiology
Evidence-Based Medicine
Food Microbiology
Food Supply / standards*
Foodborne Diseases / epidemiology*,  microbiology
Health Policy*
Intestinal Diseases / epidemiology*,  microbiology
Population Surveillance
Publication Bias
Wales / epidemiology

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