Document Detail


Public information campaign on aflatoxin contamination of maize grains in market stores in Benin, Ghana and Togo.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17852397     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Rotary International with the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) conducted an information campaign from 2000 to 2004 to increase public awareness of aflatoxin in Benin, Ghana and Togo. Key informant interviews with 2416 respondents showed poor baseline knowledge of aflatoxin and its health risks. The campaign included monitoring of aflatoxin contamination in maize grains from market stores in 38 cities and towns. Aflatoxin concentration in contaminated samples ranged from 24 to 117.5 ng g(-1) in Benin, from 0.4 to 490.6 ng g(-1) in Ghana, and from 0.7 to 108.8 ng g(-1) in Togo. The campaign significantly increased public awareness that populations were exposed to high levels of aflatoxin. The number of maize traders who were informed about the toxin increased 10.3 and 3.2 times in Togo and Benin, respectively; at least 33% more traders believed the information in each of Benin and Togo; 11.4 and 28.4% more consumers sorted out and discarded bad grains in Benin and Ghana, respectively. This paper concludes that sustained public education can help reduce aflatoxin contamination.
Authors:
B James; C Adda; K Cardwell; D Annang; K Hell; S Korie; M Edorh; F Gbeassor; K Nagatey; G Houenou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives and contaminants     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0265-203X     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-10     Completed Date:  2008-04-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500474     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1283-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Cotonou, Benin. b.james@cgiar.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aflatoxins / analysis,  toxicity*
Agriculture
Benin
Commerce
Food Contamination / analysis,  prevention & control*
Ghana
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Promotion / methods*
Humans
International Cooperation
Mass Media
Togo
Zea mays / chemistry*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aflatoxins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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