Document Detail

Public health workforce research in review: a 25-year retrospective.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22502923     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
CONTEXT: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation commissioned a systematic review of public health workforce literature in fall 2010. This paper reviews public health workforce articles published from 1985 to 2010 that support development of a public health workforce research agenda, and address four public health workforce research themes: (1) diversity; (2) recruitment, retention, separation, and retirement; (3) education, training, and credentialing; and (4) pay, promotion, performance, and job satisfaction.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed, ERIC, and Web of Science databases were used to search for articles; Google search engine was used to identify gray literature. The study used the following inclusion criteria: (1) articles written in English published in the U.S.; (2) the main theme(s) of the article relate to at least one of the four public health workforce research themes; and (3) the document focuses on the domestic public health workforce.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: The literature suggests that the U.S. public health workforce is facing several urgent priorities that should be addressed, including: (1) developing an ethnically/racially diverse membership to meet the needs of an increasingly diverse nation; (2) recruiting and retaining highly trained, well-prepared employees, and succession planning to replace retirees; (3) building public health workforce infrastructure while also confronting a major shortage in the public health workforce, through increased education, training, and credentialing; and (4) ensuring competitive salaries, opportunities for career advancement, standards for workplace performance, and fostering organizational cultures which generate high levels of job satisfaction for effective delivery of services.
CONCLUSIONS: Additional research is needed in all four thematic areas reviewed to develop well-informed, evidence-based strategies for effectively addressing critical issues facing the public health workforce.
Tracy M Hilliard; Matthew L Boulton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of preventive medicine     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1873-2607     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Prev Med     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-16     Completed Date:  2012-08-06     Revised Date:  2012-11-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704773     Medline TA:  Am J Prev Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S17-28     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Psychosocial and Community Health, Public Health - Seattle & King County, and University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Career Mobility
Cultural Diversity*
Databases, Bibliographic
Education, Public Health Professional / standards,  trends
Health Services Research*
Job Satisfaction
Personnel Selection / standards*,  trends
Personnel Turnover / trends
Public Health / economics,  manpower*,  trends
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
United States
Comment In:
Am J Prev Med. 2012 Oct;43(4):e43-4; author reply e44   [PMID:  22992370 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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