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Public awareness of clinical trials: A qualitative pilot study in Pune.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23293759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
CONTEXT: Medical expertise combined with availability of patients with varied diseases have resulted in rapid increase in number of clinical trials (CTs) recruiting millions of patients in India. Yet, few researchers have tried to understand if the public in India is aware of CTs.
AIMS: To explore the awareness, perceptions of and attitude towards participating in CTs among general public in Pune.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Focus group discussions (FGDs) and interviews were conducted by contacting people in the community of various age groups and socio economic status with 7 Trial participants (TPs) and 17 Non Trial Participants (NTPs). The survey tool consisted of open-ended questions that assessed the awareness and attitudes of the individuals regarding the CTs. Interview were recorded on paper and translated from (Marathi) local language to English for analysis. Qualitative analysis was used to report the findings.
RESULTS: Most participants could associate CTs with medicine or development of new medicine; however they did not have a good understanding of the manner and safeguards with which CTs are conducted. Participants were not aware about different types of CTs and phases of the CTs. CTs were felt to be of benefit to the community and advancement of science. However, due to fear of adverse effects, 80% of the respondents were not ready to participate in the CTs.
CONCLUSIONS: The Indian Pharmaceutical company is the world's 3(rd) largest by volume as per Dr. Shivathanu Pillai's report 17th March 2010, in spite of that it has been noticed that the awareness about CTs is very low; therefore there is a need to create awareness about CTs which helps the participants to participate in CTs based on their own decision. These FGD findings require validation in a larger sample.
Authors:
Veena Joshi; Aditi A Kulkarni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perspectives in clinical research     Volume:  3     ISSN:  2229-3485     ISO Abbreviation:  Perspect Clin Res     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-07     Completed Date:  2013-01-08     Revised Date:  2013-05-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101551517     Medline TA:  Perspect Clin Res     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  125-32     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Research, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, India.
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