Document Detail

Psychosomatic symptom profiles in patients with restless legs syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23340851     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: It has been reported that restless legs syndrome (RLS) might be associated with multiple psychosomatic symptoms. We aimed to identify which psychosomatic symptom is the most related in RLS patients compared to healthy controls. We also attempted to determine the relation between psychosomatic comorbidity and RLS severity regardless of sleep-related symptoms. METHODS: One hundred two newly diagnosed patients with RLS and 37 healthy control subjects participated in the present study. The RLS patients were categorized as mild and severe based on the International RLS Study Group rating scale. Data on demographics were collected. All participants completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Athens Insomnia Scale, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale as sleep-related questionnaires. All participants completed the Symptom Checklist-90-Revision (SCL-90-R). RESULTS: RLS patients were found to have pervasive comorbid psychosomatic symptoms. Somatization was found to be the most significant contributing factor (OR 1.145, 95 % CI 1.061-1.234, p < 0.001) for psychosomatic comorbidity in RLS. Severe RLS patients were found to have poorer sleep quality than mild RLS patients. Furthermore, severe RLS patients had higher scores for most psychosomatic symptom domains in SCL-90-R. Anxiety was found to be the most independent contributing factor for psychosomatic comorbidity according to RLS severity (OR 1.145, 95 % CI 1.043-1.257, p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that comorbid psychosomatic distress is considerable in patients with RLS. Furthermore, most psychosomatic comorbidity is increased with the RLS severity in association with poorer sleep quality.
Jung Bin Kim; Yong Seo Koo; Mi-Yeon Eun; Kun-Woo Park; Ki-Young Jung
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sleep & breathing = Schlaf & Atmung     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-1709     ISO Abbreviation:  Sleep Breath     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9804161     Medline TA:  Sleep Breath     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Neurology, Korea University Medical Center, Korea University College of Medicine, #126-1, Anam-Dong 5Ga, Seongbuk-Gu, Seoul, 136-705, South Korea.
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