Document Detail


Psychosocial predictors of impulsivity in alcohol-dependent patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23274294     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Impulsivity is an important risk factor of severe course of alcohol dependence. However, the significance of environmental determinants of impulsivity has been underestimated. The aim of this study was to identify psychosocial factors increasing the level of impulsivity in alcoholics. Levels of impulsivity were measured in 304 alcohol-dependent patients. The stop-signal task was used to assess behavioral impulsivity, and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, to measure global and cognitive impulsivity. Correlations between impulsivity and psychosocial variables were examined. A significant association between level of impulsivity and severity of psychopathological symptoms was observed. Patients who reported childhood sexual or physical abuse, lower social support, and more severe course of alcohol dependence were more impulsive, especially in the cognitive domain. When entered into a linear regression analysis model, severity of alcohol dependence, psychopathology, and childhood physical abuse remained significant. These results suggest that psychosocial variables are important factors associated with high levels of impulsivity in alcohol-dependent patients.
Authors:
Andrzej Jakubczyk; Anna Klimkiewicz; Katarzyna Mika; Marcin Bugaj; Aleksandra Konopa; Anna Podgórska; Kirk J Brower; Marcin Wojnar
Related Documents :
23013634 - Psychiatrists' empathy, beliefs and attitudes towards veterans suffering from combat-re...
23922584 - Satisfaction levels about hospital wards' environment among adolescents hospitalized in...
24273114 - Social conditions for people with down syndrome: a register-based cohort study in denmark.
24054534 - Patterns in coverage of maternal, newborn, and child health interventions: projections ...
12196884 - Toward a family-building approach to donor insemination.
15752484 - The prediction of safe lifting behavior: an application of the theory of planned behavior.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nervous and mental disease     Volume:  201     ISSN:  1539-736X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nerv. Ment. Dis.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-31     Completed Date:  2013-02-28     Revised Date:  2014-04-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375402     Medline TA:  J Nerv Ment Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  43-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Alcoholism / physiopathology*
Child
Child Abuse / psychology*
Female
Humans
Impulsive Behavior / etiology,  physiopathology*
Inhibition (Psychology)*
Male
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests
Predictive Value of Tests
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Social Support*
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
D43 TW005818/TW/FIC NIH HHS; D43 TW007569/TW/FIC NIH HHS; D43-TW007569/TW/FIC NIH HHS; D43-TW05818/TW/FIC NIH HHS; R21 AA016104/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R21 AA016104/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Catatonia and neuroleptic malignant syndrome: two disorders on a same spectrum? Four case reports.
Next Document:  Anxiety sensitivity and sleep quality: independent and interactive predictors of posttraumatic stres...