Document Detail


Psychosocial factors and plasma lipids in black and white young adults: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study data.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8827799     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
These analyses examined the relationship between fasting plasma lipids and several psychosocial factors in a healthy cohort of 5115 black and white men and women between the ages of 18 and 30. Primary analyses were performed within race/gender subgroups and were supplemented with analyses examining consistency of associations across these groups. After controlling for age, high density lipoprotein (HDL) decreased, triglycerides increased, low density lipoprotein (LDL) increased, and the total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio increased with increasing level of education in black men. This pattern is, in general, opposite to that found in other groups, particularly white women, whose lipid profile was found to be less atherogenic the higher the education. These associations were strongly confounded with health behaviors. There was also a positive association between hostility and triglycerides in women but not in men. No significant association with any plasma lipid for either race or gender was found for Type A behavior, social support, or life events. Despite a narrow plasma lipid range in these young adults, these data support the conclusion that increasing education is associated with a less atherogenic plasma lipid profile, except in black men, for whom education is associated with a less favorable plasma lipid profile. Among other psychosocial factors, the only consistent finding was an inverse association between hostility and triglycerides in women.
Authors:
S S Knox; D R Jacobs; M A Chesney; J Raczynski; H McCreath
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychosomatic medicine     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0033-3174     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychosom Med     Publication Date:    1996 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-26     Completed Date:  1996-12-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376505     Medline TA:  Psychosom Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  365-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-7936, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
African Americans / psychology*
Coronary Disease / blood,  prevention & control,  psychology*
Cross-Sectional Studies
European Continental Ancestry Group / psychology*
Female
Health Behavior
Health Education
Hostility*
Humans
Life Change Events
Lipids / blood*
Male
Personality Inventory
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Social Support
Type A Personality*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
N01-HC-48047/HC/NHLBI NIH HHS; N01-HC-48048/HC/NHLBI NIH HHS; N01-HC-48049/HC/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lipids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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