Document Detail

Psychosocial factors in blood pressure variation: a comparative study of young Samoans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9204695     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Traditional peoples contacting modern cultures frequently experience increased levels of blood pressure. The aim of this investigation was to identify some acculturation-related psychosocial factors which might contribute to those elevations. Young Samoans living in a traditional village, in modernizing American Samoa, and as migrants in Hawaii were studied. Casual blood pressure, anthropometric measurements, and extensive interview data were collected. The most important factor predicting variation in blood pressure was body mass (BMI). This finding was particularly evident among the acculturated and migrant Samoans. In those locations women's abandonment of breast feeding may contribute to their higher BMI. Among acculturated and migrant women, measures of social support favored lower blood pressures. Among men in all locations a greater number of close social ties was linked to higher blood pressures with the exception of ties with parents. Parental ties were linked to substantially lower blood pressures. A knowledge of Samoan traditions favored lower blood pressure among migrant men, while knowledge of American culture favored higher pressures. Coping strategies and complaint behavior were also significant contributors in all locations.
J M Hanna
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social biology     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0037-766X     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Biol     Publication Date:    1996 Fall-Winter
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-08-19     Completed Date:  1997-08-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0205621     Medline TA:  Soc Biol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  169-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physiology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu 96822, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Blood Pressure*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Emigration and Immigration*
Hypertension / ethnology*,  etiology*
Samoa / ethnology
Sampling Studies
Grant Support

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